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Date Published: 08/10/10

Kano Politicking: The Legacies of the Past and Present Civilians Government By Magaji Idris

Kano is said to be the largest City in northern Nigeria. According to legends, it is one of the Hausa Bakwai, or Seven original City States supposedly founded by Kanu, a blacksmith of the Gaya tribe, who discovered iron on the site of Dala Hill.

In the Sudanese Memoirs (p.67) “You will come to harm in the fullness of time, but the City of Kano will never decay or destroyed.”

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When the Kano civil (strife) war broke out, Ibrahim Sarkin Gaya (1891) and the people of Gaya remained loyal to the Emir Tukur, although most of the South East of Kano{including DUTSE GADAWUR} had gone over to the pretender Yusuf (Yusufawa at Takai). Gaya therefore became the first major objectives of the pretender’s party. Yusuf brought a strong force against the town of Gaya, and the defenders of Gaya lost hearts and fled. Sarkin Gaya Ibrahim escaped and joined Emir Tukur in Kano and fled together but were outflanked and killed. The slaughter in Gaya was very heavy. A survivor described the Town that day as “Having paved with corpses”. Legion upon legion of loyalty and sacrifice from Gaya in respect of Kano Birni but with all these glitters, diamonds and gold in Kano, Gaya has been reeking with poverty, underdevelopment and non-recognition, not even a single Commercial Bank is found in Gaya to date. Curb us from Kano State-We need Tiga State. Kano is a proverbial warehouse/entrepot the more closer you are to it; the more you starve and be stricken with famine/poverty. “ Kano Bata son Ta Goya Danta”-Sheikh Nasir, Imam of Fagge Mosque addressing Kungiyar Farfado da Akidun NEPU on 1 st February 2008.

Gaya the underdeveloped Town which begot prodigal/developed Kano (Birni), the type that never gives back to Gaya what it got from it. A sort of wealthier, self-centred prodigal son not the archetypal munificent son, sober patron and conscience of Gaya-his mother.

THE MODERN KANO

Kano as presently known and constituted came into being in 1967. It is one of the Thirty Six (36) States in the context of the Federal republic of Nigeria. The history and the formative periods of Kano as a city state were in phases: the pre-colonial period, which is often referred to as Abagayawa period (600-999 A.D) then the Maguzawa period (1000-2500 A.D); followed by the Habe period (1500-1805 A.D) then came the Fulani period (1805-1903) which crumbled with the advent of the colonial rule in 1903 and from then the colonial/vassal Emirate emerged from the Kano Emirate model. The Emirs then ceased to be the Amir representing the Amirul Mumunin (Commander of the Faithful) but emerged as the heads of the native Authority ruling in the humiliating terms of Unbeliever (Kufr) resident.

The colonial rule stretched on until independence in October 1960. To the level of slave mentality, I would dare say that there was no doubt that indirect rule adopted by the British worked very well both for the British and the generality of the people of northern Nigeria, though the British benefited the most as their companies made huge profits at the expense of the common man, but the common man under colonial system was better off than under this façade independence under Nigerian leadership. The system inherited provided a linkage between government, traditional rulers, the people and the economic system. Sound administrative system consistent with the objectives of the state is critical to efficient operation of the economy.

Apart from the independence period as a formative and which was ridden with ethical altruism and raw-nature, a sort of Williams Golding scenario in his book: Lord of the flies, and that of the late General Murtala’s short-lived utopian government, it would be wished that the British were still here looking and overseeing our affairs. God knows, we would have been another Taiwan, Hong Kong Indonesia and Malaysia where there would have been no persistent NEPA outage/blackout; No Mr. Andrew checking out, No genocide of our Industries, Refineries and the starving poverty, a situation that epitomizes a crisis, inadequacy, aberration and depravation within the polity and the governance, which led to the establishment of some relatively self-serving sloganeering deceit Commissions/Directorates like: the EFCC, WAI, MAMSER, ICPC, Ethical Revolution, Jaji Declaration, Green Revolution and Societal-Reorientation ( A Daidai Ta Sahu). All these Commissions/Directorates could not be accepted as an attempt at attaining perfection in moral rules of law, in politics, in the economy, customs, culture, arts and technology but just as a pretext of turning to one’s opponents. And the masses have always been sandwiched between impecuniosities and indigence. No vestiges of beginning or prospects of an end.

LATE BEATIFIC GOVERNOR MOHAMMED ABUBAKAR RIMI 1979-83.

The administration of Rimi was seen as a disdainful and arrogant but radical government, which aggressively reformed and transformed the rural areas resoundingly. He abolished the repressive obnoxious poll and cattle tax. Rimi was no respector of the corrupt and parasitic traditional Emirs, their lazy and arrogant courtiers, though he created additional Emirate Councils in the former Kano State. Rimi’s charisma and fearless political outbursts made him a formidable bogeyman to his opponents and the corrupt tin gods.

The hybrid Rimi is of hausanized Berber/Arab father, who settled at Wangara Village now in Jigawa stated and migrated to Rimi Village, and because of his vastness in Islamic Religious knowledge, he was made the Village Chief, married to a Fulani woman and were blessed with the maverick politician Mohammed Rimi and many Others during the groundnuts boom in the north.

Rimi was a lucky man with versatile mind. He was a known survivor of many machinations and orchestrated mischief/attempts to silence him. Among all his political colleagues and allies of the 1980’s he was the only one who died politically active, kicking and floating, very few like Balarabe Musa, Jim Nwobodo and Solomon Lar are sometimes heard and seen in the political arena. But most of them have fallen into desuetude.

Rimi was a known jocular nomenclator in political coinage and jargons. He knew his taste as a politician. If he wanted to sell a southern politician to the northern masses, he knew how to coin the original names of the southerner to rhyme with some familiar names found and valued in the north. He coined the name “Auwalu Falalu to rhyme with Olu Falae; Uba Sirajo to rhyme with Obasanjo, and he nicknamed the Kabiru Gaya’s administration as “the nominally faithful governor was in Kano and the workaholic one was in Jigawa”.

The only problem with Rimi was his disdainful and arrogant approach to issues. And most of his keen supporters/followers ditched him because he was too individualistic, tight fist; stingy and did not plant anybody anywhere. And long ago he was alleged to be a keen henchman of the late notorious Buba Marwa, alias Metatsine. Political hullabaloos engulfed his administration and Rimi paved way for the late Abdu Dawakin Tofa, and jumped to NPP.

ABUBAKAR RIMI’S LEGACY

Whatever Rimi’s weaknesses, the uncomfortable reminder is that; you either love Rimi or you hate him, it is impossible to ignore him in the context of Kano politicking and in the Nigerian political dialectics. His resounding and laudable projects remained edifying monuments: C.T.V, Triumph Newspapers, the Eleven Storey Building (Gidan Ado Bayero). Rimi would be remembered as a vibrant and fearless political convener, a linchpin and a political Institution of modern Nigeria. His befitting courage and audacious radicalism are the inherent characteristics of Kano politics. He was also a formidable bogeyman to his opponents. Call him a disciple greater than his masters.

LATE GOVERNOR SABO BAKIN ZUWO 1983-84

Late Sabo Bakin Zuwo started as a junks dealer and was said to be of Nupe origin but reliable oral source indicates that he was “Bamange” from Bade area in Yobe State. His government was a child of necessity because the NPN controlled Federal Government was tired and fed up with the uncompromising Rimi despite the fact that they emulated him in the salary increase and the abolishing of the obnoxious poll and cattle tax.

The NPN knew that they did not win Kano, nor the PRP but they were hell bent to ouster Rimi, so they settled for the lesser devil Sabo, who formed a government of pedestrianism and political thuggery. It was alleged that Governor Sabo smouldered millions of Naira under the carpet within the scope of two months of his inauguration.

An apocryphal story has it that late Sabo Bakin Zuwo who had a party member as his running mate for the governorship election “played to the gallery of ignorance with miscategorization that has its history in a seeming lack of perception of what the “noun-phrase” a running mate” means” to run after. Hear him in his familiar expletive: ‘Don’t mind him! He is always running after me”. And “You guys (pressmen), you always say we don’t have mineral resource in Kano: we have Coca Cola, Fanta, Mirinda and a newly invented one Sipirit (Sprite)”

SABO BAKIN ZUWO’S LEGACY

Sabo carried his party’s stalwarts on board. He even appointed an effeminate/transvestite as a Commissioner. It is said that brave man smiles in the face of adversity but unmanly and cowardice, Governor Sabo wept openly at the face of the Tribunal Judges.

He appeased the Emir by dethroning all the four Emirs and Emirate Councils his predecessor created based on historical importance and antecedents of the four areas.

As the Chairman of the then Senate Committee, he insisted on investigation of the missing of the N2.8 million in the Ministry of Petroleum Resources under the then Minister of Petroleum Resources General Muhammadu Buhari, and Sabo’s insistence might have caused him a jail term of about 150 years imprisonment concurrently after the demise of the second Republic.

Remember the Buhari regime which brought the irrational de facto seven days (April 28 th -6 th May 1984) currency changeover, in which the northern peasantries, who did not know how to open/operate Bank Accounts, and did not loot the local, State or national treasures, were covetously deprived, crippled, dispossessed of their wealth earned with their palsied hands, and left to reek with poverty by a regime, which felt nothing more satisfactory than to leave the citizenry without a kobo but only to queue up for essential commodities to survive from the “Buhariyya famine”.

Twenty (20) months of that regime produced violent assault on human rights. The prisons were overcrowded with people who were presumed guilty. Politicians, Businessmen and Public servants were arbitrarily arrested and incarcerated without trial not so much for their wrong doings but for political reasons.

Decree No2 (State Security Detention) signed on February 9 th 1994 but made retroactive to the date of the coup, detained the President Shehu Shagari and the Vice President Alex Ekwume and Ten Thousand Politicians. Sabo Bakin Zuwo. Abubakar Rimi and Solomon Lar were among the ones found guilty of corruption and embezzlement.

Decree No4, the “Public Officers Decree (protection against false accusation) made it an offence to publish any statement which is; false in any particular material” or likely to bring the government into ridicule or dispute”. Two journalists working for the Guardian Newspaper, Tunde Thomson and Nduka Irabor, were jailed for a year by Special Tribunal for “falsely reporting” on the posting of a Nigerian Diplomat to London. The publishers of the Newspapers were fined N50,000.00. Under the Decree, false publication is an offence but truth is not a defense where the publication is adjudged to have ridiculed the government or brought in to dispute.

In July 1985, Buhari Government banned all public debates about Nigeria’s political future, declaring them to be in contravention of the State Security Decree Detention of persons of January 1984, which banned all forms of political activity. And subsequent upon this, the reserve of goodwill that has heralded the military assumption of power was now spent, the initial euphoria evaporated into ultimate disenchantment. The ubiquitous presence of the Nigeria Security Organization (NSO) was menacing. Economic depression was manifest everywhere and political insecurity became serious.

AFRICA TODAY (1991:1473)

Buhar mistook Nigerians clamour for change as an invitation to mindless authoritarianism of the sort that he and Idiagbon came to represent.

GOVERNOR KABIRU IBRAHIM GAYA 1991-1993

Kabiru Ibrahim Gaya is the son of the soil, a bonafide indigene of Kano State. He hails from Gaya Town, and he is from a noble house (Gidan Jajaye/Berbers as his patrilineal descent, and another noble house; Gidan Muhammadu Zengi Fulani at Umbunishi Chakari/Direy as his matrilineal descent). The scion is a political gem, down to earth and easygoing. He is one of the most popular civilian governors of Kano state.

A naughtier facetious friend of mine used to banter: “That the rough dude Kabiru Gaya’s administration was too civil and popular but unorganized and ill-organized, that it always squandered its meager federal grant and every kobo of the state revenue in a day and always woke up to fumble for workers salary after 40-45 days of every elongated month.

And I used to answer him in an expletive manner: that he should show me a government that was led/ruled by a saint. He premised that I should understand “What commends itself to one taste is to another distasteful, for such commendation is subjective”. And being he a civil servant, I reminded him of C.H. Sisson’s Epitaph: “Here lies a civil servant. He was civil to every one, and servant to the Devil”.

I challenged him to show me one or two prominent civil servants whose wealth was gotten through legal/legitimate ways. I told him that those in glasshouse should not throw stones. That didn’t he know civil service is a haven for crime, promiscuity and baseness. I knew some women wives officers, who used to engage in cat fighting over a gander Casanova Officer/Director as to get preferential treatment, and using what they have (bottom power) to get what they want.

I told my naughtier friend that Governor Gaya gets my sympathy because he operated under a diarchy system with a largest population of civil servants but with a meager federal grant and slim internal revenue generation because the big shots and the wealthy people escaped paying their obligatory taxes as it is wonted in Nigerian Society.

Governor Gaya assisted his NRC party in fielding one unpopular and infamous presidential candidate in the person of Bashir Tofa (Tofa is Tougher, despite the fact that Toughs don’t want to be called Thieves or monsters) who could not even secure and win his constituency ballot box designated in front of his house. And thereafter the June 12 th General Election, the Tougher Tofa Groveled and begged the Governor to refund him all the monies he expended in the course of his campaign, and as passionate as Governor Gaya was known to be, Tofa got refunded not a penny less.

But when Abacha (another Kanuri lost to Kano, and whose death and that of Abiola, were considered convenient death for the stability of the Country) came, the Tougher Tofa had to mortgage and pawn his Century Village (ABBA OTHMAN HOUSE) and as if that was not sufficient enough, the Tougher Tofa had to vote with his leg to escape the wrath of the Abacha’s regime. Tofa did not know that Gaya did not choose politics but politics chose him.

KABIRU GAYA’S LEGACY

Kabiru Gaya is a beacon of democratic humanism and carried his political stalwarts and supporters on board. He left a legacy that all zeniths of achievement and positions are attainable without the influence of any tin gods/godfathers. That Faith, Tolerance, Perseverance, Fortitude and Temperance are sufficed to be one’s cornerstone, guide and watchword. He also left the legacy of open arms, complaisance and easy going trends, a scenario whereby one could not know the people who would betray him before they do so, amidst this recurring tradition of betrayal and treachery in Nigeria, where usually the most anointed ones in any government elect to betray its head when the revelries ended.

Governor Gaya had his own kinds of the anointed ones but thereafter turned his judases; viz: Ali Madu, the erstwhile Director-General protocol, Balarabe Soron Dinki, the erstwhile Commissioner for Agriculture, the erstwhile Director Kano Liaison office at Lagos and the erstwhile Advisor on political affairs, Ali Batande Jos, all testified against the Governor at the probe panel instituted by the most fortunate of men, late Col. Muhammadu Abdullahi Wase. Solon, the founder of democracy in Athens, replied “consider no man happy till he is dead”.

Kabiru Gaya left a legacy of there will be no us (leaders) without them (masses) scenario.

GOVERNOR RABI’U MUSA KWAKWASO 1999-2003

Dr. Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso hails from Kwankwaso Town in Madobi Local Government Area. He is an engineer in sewages and wastes.

Dr. Rabi’u was said to be of Yoruba matrilineal pedigree, Bola Homa (Homa, a corruption for foreman) but of Fulani matrilineal descent from Zazzau (Gidan Mado).

Absolute power corrupts absolutely. Dr. Rabi’u loves power; he got it, became power drunk and went berserk. And to most people in Kano state, Kwankwaso left a memory of mortal hatred, intemperance and cruelty. He is as if beset with wild and rebellious existence. He seems now to be stranger and fugitive in Kano politics. Once beaten, twice/forever shy. The rubberneck apolitical Kwankwaso is a factor not a model, who typifies the premise that man’s nature is evil.

RABI’U MUSA KWANKWASO’S LEGACY

Blindfolded by the cataract/scales of power, went berserk and did not anticipate that in politics “There is always the next time”, hence he is now stranger and fugitive in Kano politics. He exhibited the follies and brutalities of mankind, who assumed himself playing god, and such predisposed his predatory habits. He left more traces of cruelty than happiness. He was alleged to not care a hoot to have blood on his hands. And he left a legacy of modern time’s gunboat diplomacy.

GOVERNOR IBRAHIM SHEKARAU 2003-3011

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Malam Ibrahim Shekarau, black like sin/soot, appears without anybody knowing his source/origin; whereas he is humane, generous, understanding and/or in altruist while his predecessor the apolitical Kwankwaso appears to be rebellious and uncompromising rubberneck. No literature or any biographical book that introduces us to the circumstances of Malam Shekarau’s birth or the heroic feat of his progenitors, but Shekarau is neither a picaroon nor a Martian. His, is short and brief that he was born in Kwalli Quarters inside Kano City and later on settled at the freed slaves/courtiers slum called Giginyu, a suburb of Kano City. Shekarau is one of those minority (Barnawiy/Bornoan or Rabeh’s drop-outs and Sardauna’s converts) tribes lost to Kano, and has since forsaken his root, leaving people conjecturing that he is Babur. (Taunted with whether he is a Babur by tribe or not; Shekarau retorted in a jocular expletive tangent: ‘Yes, the supersonic/fastest one with double silencers but I am a Moslem). Some people say he is Gwado Gwado, but reliable oral source says, he is Kanakuru, a minority tribe from Shani Local Government in Borno State. So he is minority Barnawiy/Bornoan. And he could not be a philopater to his poor base/root. He is one of those who have two states, his state of origin and Kano. His tribe will never be a Governor in Borno state, but he is a Governor in the host state, a secular state-Kano. It is alleged that because of his minute and shallow root/background, he detests anything biographical about himself, and that he is never at ease whenever the vocal and orally aggressive Mrs Naja’atu and the audacious Dan-Bilki Commander open up a can of worms for him in the Media Houses. With all the avatar proclamations of the Shekarau’s government, its dissidents claim that religion becomes a plaything to be manipulated at the pleasure of the ebullient. The dissident’s literature against Shekarau corrals his henchmen into turmoil and jittery that they could not fight doggedly to extricate the government from the heinous accusations of sodomy, catamiting and keeping tryst. They take a position of passivity and recourse on “Any rumours of misconduct are unjustified”, not even a feeble response to dismiss it as a dissidents literature, not even a mere attempt, because it is alleged that most of the keen defenders of the government have track records of duckling and diving in homosexuality. So they only take recourse on the delight of uncertainty and making correlations that are not there and trying all ruses to find Trojan horse, and always placing high premium in utopian sentiment of self-worth. The self-defeating Societal Re-Orientation project is the most proverbial programme in the whole years of his governance, which has been as insincere as an alcoholic’s promise. It is a fool’s err project.

When we piece and factor together the dissident’s literature perpetrated against the government, we are left with a verisimilitude of: “The Rabbit has a charming face/‘policy’, its private life is a disgrace. I really dare not name to you the awful thing that Rabbits do”.

The dissidents belittled and charged the government with saying what it does not mean in a way that it can be accepted to mean something and using religion not only to protect/defend themselves, but to tell actual “lies” which may not be so immediately obvious. Through the utterances of this government’s staunch supporters, it was incredible that the Governor leaves a legacy of ethical altruism, because he has no house of his own. Whether it is because he doesn’t have the wherewithal, the money or the means to have one, remains a myth and polemic. There is no accounting for tastes. But there and then, he has been praised for giving tips of houses/mansions to his courtiers and praise-singers.

Lest we forget: Ethical Altruism tends to develop dependent, unenterprising, sentimentalistic personalities, pederasts and catamites, much as chivalry, pastoral and epic deeds are often masks of corruption, brutality and other outlandish behaviours the type that warrant the peddling and consumption of Indian hemps in the Directorate of protocol (at the time of writing this article), just at the gateway of the government House. There, thugs, restive youths and peddlers break the laws at will in front of the column of mobile and plain cloth police, and other government officials. The Directorate of protocol has become a rendezvou’s of thugs, dependent political hangers-on after the official closing hours.

When you do some mathematical synergy, piece and factor together the usual recondite, bizarre and rumbling utterances of the late Abubakar Rimi, the rampant grapevine rumours, allegations and accusations betraying this government as the byword of homosexuality, coupled with the grapevine news two/three years ago about the Director Press (although pressmen live on an Island) TO THE GOVERNOR, who was allegedly found hugging and kissing one hobo, (a case of Jack was as goods his Masters?) The hobo, as a fig leaf, is now made an Adviser, and how the rank and file staff of the Government House were discountenanced to shut off their mouths about that junk news (ill news spreads apace) or else risk their appointments. There and then, one may begin to doubt the integrity and sincerity of this sanctimonious government. It looks like ‘A teacher should not be didactic outside the classroom”, and in teaching, you don’t teach the negative aspect, even if you are practicing it.

One good thing about this government, apart from its so called humane and generous posture, was that it understands more than any government that ever happened, that people are always led to want their deceit and enslavement. This government is also convincing itself with false reasons that it is doing the right thing better than any government so far “La Shukura Fil Wajibin. No credit for accomplishing one’s responsibility/Virtue is its own reward.

This government gets my sympathy because people always forget that no few people will govern/rule for the welfare and benefits of the majority, and that the amoral, only tiny fraction, will continue to lord it over the gullible moral majority. And both the hetero and heterodox operate in the closet. So how can the dissidents prove their doctrine against the government? Nowadays, it is commonplace that sins of the flesh/original sins are made respectable, because people don’t sanction and boycott those suspected of being malefactors, but become severally recycled political opportunists, bootlicking the greatest malefactor politicians. “And thus, We have placed within every City the greatest of its criminals to conspire therein. But they conspire not except against themselves, and they perceive it not”-QUR’AN

IBRAHIM SHEKARAU’S LEGACY

The Governor tends to leave a legacy of ethical altruism. Malam Shekaru was the first to pierce through the jinx and enigma of: “It is impossible to govern/rule Kano twice.” The Governor and his staunch supporters tend to have the digestion of an Ostrich, thus they are always cagey, slack, unresponsive and feigned modesty and ignorance of the dissidents literature against the government. Hence the Governor and his henchmen never protest that: The sex/women are not in dire scarce, what should they need catamites for?.” And the impression was as if the Governor and his henchmen were of the idea.” That there is no accounting for tastes,” and that they don’t value the legal term which says: “Silence equals guilty/consent” or they rather have recourse on the adage which says: “Silence is the best answer to a fool.” The Governor believers that: “Before we have a useless child, there must have been a useless elder…” and thus the catamited boys shall have no action to be meted out on them. His meteoric rise to fame indicates that even a nobody like James can attain power.

THEIR DISPOSITIONS/IMPRESSIONS

1. BABUBAKAR RIMI combined the doggedness of an Arab/Berber and the intransigence of Fulani

2. SABO BAKIN ZUWO combined the dogmatism of the uncouth and the bragging/grandeur of Kado (Kano Man)

3. KABIRU GAYA combines the suavity of Fulani and the docility of an astute politician

4. RABI’U MUSA KWANKWASO combines the treachery of the ice and the agility of a rubberneck

5. IBRAHIM SHEKARAU combines the naivety of a poor relation and the trickery of a gladiator. And the mercenary/venal politicians who surround him ascribe him the character of infallibility, or a mistaken Saint. And to some people, it is a government of mere cockroaches and swine battening on the pre-philosophical expendable masses, whose sense and belief are innocent of the theory/abstract of governance. Still no families’ relief and practical utopian scheme to make substantial difference between pre-Sharia and post Sharia enactment in Kano.

Those who don’t admit what they do are not trustworthy. They should understand that self-love/defense is not always a pleasure. At last I have broached the subject I had not intended to:

NOWHERE UTOPIA.

BLACK SKIN NOWHERE UTOPIA

“Black is the badge of hell

The hue of dungeons

And the scowl of night” - Shakespeare

Since from the beginning, the country, especially the North, has been entrenched with embezzlement, peculations, treachery and homosexuality. And Kano in particular has been the most stigmatized in both official and clerical homosexuality (the reader may wish to refer to: The News Magazine, vol.18 of 22 nd April 2002; exclusive: Nigeria’s notorious homosexuals

And going by the first of the Ten (10) proclamations in extraordinary orders of the day imposed in the northern part by the renegade Chukwama Nzeogwu, which reads: ‘you are hereby warned that looting, arson, homosexuality, rape, embezzlement, bribery or corruption are all offences punishable by death”. This is a pointer that depraving and aberrational acts have been deeply rooted in the northern part.

Another vivid pointer was that to discourage peculation and embezzlement, Sarki Muhammadu Bello (1882-1899) dismissed: Sarki Gaya; Sule, Sarkin Dutse; Ibrahim and Sarkin Kiru Ahmadu, for alleged misappropriation of tax monies – A.M Ashafa (2004) Seminar Paper presented at the bicentenary of Usman Danfodio. And Ahmadu Rufa’i District head of Kwankwaso (1936) was dismissed in1943 for cattle tax (Jangali) embezzlement.

Sarki Muhammadu Dadi (c. 1670-1703) was a tyrant and claimed that he excelled all former rulers of Kano in sensual enjoyments (Shahwat.) and such irreligious activities on the part of the rulers of Kano was also noticeable on Muhammadu Rumfa acquisition of 1,000 wives (Bakindo p. 154).

To appease (bribe) Sarkin Gaya Farin Dutse, who revolted and refused to pay tribute to the Sarkin Kano Dadi because of the irreligious activities of sensual enjoyments, Sarki Dadi was said to have married Sarki Gaya’s daughter Maryama who was said to be the mother of Sarkin Kano Sharifa (c. 1703-1731) under whose rule the people of Gaya again become very influential in Kano as they formerly had been after the reign of Rumfa (Barkido: Kano and some of her Neighbours (p.163)

Another pointer was that which reads: the Sardauna came to know about the role (Sir) Sanusi had played in choosing him for the leadership of the north and that greatly endeared (Sir) Sanusi to the Sarduna. Equally important in endearing (Sir) Sanusi to the Sardauna was the role (Sir) Sanusi played in saving the Sardauna from what was perceived as political victimization by Sultan Abubakar Saddique III of Sokoto, who jailed the Sardauna for alleged embezzlement of tax proceeds. (Sir) Sanusi was reported to have contributed funds for the appeal of the case which was won by the Sardauna” Prince Of The Times (P.54-58)

Absolute power corrupts absolutely. And ‘that led to the eventual abdication of (Sir) Sanusi from the Emirship”, just because the Native Authority had ƒ30 and the salary to be paid was to the tune of ƒ65 and also that the Native Authority (N.A) was indebted to ƒ500.The absolute power, there was no attempt to raise any appeal to contribute funds even for the first time, as a reciprocity to the good and kind worm out gesture of Sir Sanusi.

Example of embezzlements, peculations, treachery, sensual enjoyments and heretic acts can go on to the level of a volume or two. In essence, Governor Ibrahim Shekarau like Dagaci Othman Kalmana, (1421-1438) who administered Kano in Sarki Dauda’s absence, and became very wealthy, is not Martian, or from outer space despite his presumed avatar proclamations. Barnawiy/Bornoans are people alleged to be famous in levity and sinning of the flesh. So it is not surprising if Shekarau falls prey to the sins of the flesh, especially that he has for long been intermingling with the Kano aristocrats, who from times immemorial;, have excelled in heterodox, sensual enjoyments and snob appeals, except in the times of Sir Muhammadu Sanusi. Many people believe Sir Muhammadau Sanusi was the most influential Emir of Kano, during whose time moral rectitude was high among his subjects. He was powerful, charismatic and the religious – a venerated ruler. But political treachery and ingratitude from those he rescued and fed led to his abdication in 1963. In his times even casual drinking and peddling of alcohol and other lesser crimes were expelled from the State (Late Shata’s song: Habu Na Gidan Maje). Even the epic feats of Queen Amina of Zaria were alleged to have been replete with sexual persuasions, Sexual offers and snuggling.

“Kasar Kano, which was noted for its prosperity, had one of the largest concentration of poverty stricken and disease- ridden people in Hausa land in the Nineteenth Century. Therefore, the few were enjoying the prosperity at the expense of the actual producers/masses”. Abdllahi Mahdi PhD Thesis vol.1 (p.435). And the above situation is till binding in the contemporary Kano. The masses still find themselves on tightrope and in abject poverty, while the leaders revel in squandermania and snob appeals.

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